The impact on health and environment of the phenomena of transport of pollutants by different natural sources: case studies tracked by the GAW international observatory network of Lamezia Terme.


  • Teresa Lo Feudo CNR-ISAC, Lamezia Terme (CZ)
  • Ivano Ammoscato CNR ISAC Lamezia Terme (CZ)
  • Elenio Avolino CNR ISAC Lamezia Terme (CZ)
  • Daniele Gullì CNR ISAC Lamezia Terme (CZ)
  • Mariafrancesca De Pino CNR ISAC Lamezia Terme (CZ)
  • Domenico Parise CNR ISAC Lamezia Terme (CZ)
  • Claudia Calidonna CNR ISAC Lamezia Terme (CZ)



long-range pollution, air quality, Saharan dust, Vulcanic ash, forest fire


In the Mediterranean basin, intense several episodes of transport pollutants can also occur, such as desert dust events, [Moulin et al, 1998], volcanic eruptions and forest fires. These events significantly affect the concentration values of particulate matter and gas with serious repercussions on both quality air and public health. The impact of transboundary or long-range pollution, together with the transport of pollutants at shorter range, constitutes an important risk factor well known for air quality and in particular for human health from respiratory diseases, cardiovascular and possible carcinogenic changes.

In this study, events occurred during some intensive measurement campaigns in the monitoring site of the GAW observational network of Lamezia Terme (LMT), [Donateo et al, 2018], focusing attention on a desert dust transport event (DE), an event transport of volcanic clouds, and a case of forest fire.


Donateo A., Lo Feudo T., Marinoni A., Dinoidi A., Avolio E., Merico E., Calidonna CR., Contini D., and Bonasoni P., 2018. "Characterization of In Situ Aerosol Optical Properties at Three Observatories in the Central Mediterranean" Atmosphere 9, no. 10: 369.

Moulin, C, Lambert, C., Dayan Uri, Masson-Delmotte, Ramonet V, Legrand M., Balkanski, Yves Guelle, Marticorena W., Bergametti B, and Gilles Dulac, F.,1998. “Satellite climatology of African dust transport in the Mediterranean atmosphere”, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 13137–13144.

NOAA Air Resources Laboratory (ARL) - HYSPLIT transport and dispersion model and/or READY website (