Assessment of workplace health and safety measures among poultry workers in a Southwestern State of Nigeria.
Keywords:Occupation, health, safety, PPE, poultry workers
Commercial poultry industry in Nigeria is estimated at 320 billion dollars. Despite the huge investments, there still arises concerns for poultry workersâ€™ safety towards preventing risk to potential work-related hazards. This study assessed poultry workers health, hygiene and safety measures practised to guide against exposures to hazards.
Descriptive crossectional study of 327 poultry workers using structured questionnaire was conducted from November 2010 - August 2011 on 76 commercial laying hen farms in Ogun State. Farms were purposively selected, questionnaire administered, and data was analysed by SPSS version 22.0.
Overall, 67.3% (95% Cl, 61.7 - 71.9) of respondents were male, and â‰¥ 25 years (58.6%, 95% Cl, 51.9 â€“ 65.0). Â 37.9% respondents (95% Cl, 35.4 â€“ 46.4) indicated being ill at workplace and visited general hospitals for medical treatment. As low as 8.4% respondents (95% Cl, 5.2 - 13.1) were provided with and wore complete personal protective covering/equipment (PPE), while 9.5%, (95% Cl, 6.4 - 14.8) not provided with any PPE use their personal domestic clothes and shoes (PDC). Over 80% respondents wash PHE/PDC and hands immediately after contact with birds. There was association between gender and washing of protective covering (p = 0.004, OR 0.44), as well as hand washing (p = 0.006, OR 3.6).
Findings underscore the importance of staff training in relations to occupational health and safety practices or measures on poultry farms in Nigeria. The practical implementation of the OHS legislations by the government and systemic monitoring to ensure compliance by farms are recommended.
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